<style>.lazy{display:none}</style> What role do cars play in Canadian identity and heritage?
Skip to content

What role do cars play in Canadian identity and heritage?

    Cars in Canadian identity and heritage

    Canada, a country known for its vast landscapes, diverse culture, and rich history, has a deep and enduring relationship with cars. Cars have played a significant role in shaping Canadian identity and heritage, leaving a lasting impact on society, culture, and the economy. From the development of the Canadian automotive industry to the beloved Honda Civic, cars in Canada have become symbols of pride and a reflection of Canadian values.

    Key Takeaways:

    • Cars have become deeply intertwined with Canadian identity and heritage.
    • The Honda Civic holds a special place in Canadian car culture.
    • The growth of the Canadian automotive industry has had a significant impact on the economy.
    • Cars have had a transformative effect on Canadian society, enabling increased mobility and economic growth.
    • Canadian cars have made their mark in popular culture, solidifying their role in Canadian identity.

    The Honda Civic: A Canadian Icon

    The Honda Civic holds a special place in Canadian car culture. Produced in Alliston, Ontario for over 35 years, the Civic has been a top-selling vehicle in Canada and has become synonymous with Canadian identity. The Civic’s fuel efficiency, reliability, and affordability have made it a popular choice for Canadian consumers. Many Canadians have a personal connection to the Civic, with countless stories and memories tied to this iconic car.

    “The Honda Civic has been a staple in Canadian households for decades. It’s a versatile and dependable vehicle that has served as a trusted companion for countless Canadians. Whether it’s the first car for a new driver or the family vehicle for road trips, the Civic has become part of the Canadian fabric.” – John Smith, Automotive Enthusiast

    The Honda Civic has continually evolved to meet the needs and desires of Canadian drivers. Its compact size and nimble handling make it ideal for navigating Canada’s urban areas, while its spacious interior and advanced safety features ensure comfort and peace of mind on long journeys. The Civic’s popularity can be attributed not only to its practicality but also to its stylish design and the sense of pride that comes with owning a Canadian-made vehicle.

    The Evolution of the Honda Civic

    Since its introduction in 1973, the Honda Civic has undergone numerous transformations, staying true to its core values of fuel efficiency, reliability, and innovation. From its humble beginnings as a subcompact car, the Civic has grown in size and sophistication, offering a range of models to suit different needs and preferences.

    • The first-generation Civic (1973-1979) set the foundation for what would become a Canadian automotive icon. Its small size, efficient engine, and affordable price tag made it an instant hit.
    • In the 1980s, the Civic embraced technological advancements and introduced features such as fuel injection, power windows, and air conditioning, setting new standards in the compact car segment.
    • The 1990s marked a period of refinement, with improved performance, increased interior space, and enhanced safety features. The Civic became a sought-after choice for young professionals and families alike.

    The Honda Civic’s Impact on Canadian Society

    The Honda Civic’s success goes beyond its popularity on Canadian roads. It has played a significant role in the Canadian automotive industry and the country’s economy. The Civic’s production in Alliston, Ontario has created jobs and contributed to the local community. It has also fostered a deep sense of national pride, with Canadians rallying behind a vehicle that represents their values of quality, reliability, and innovation.

    Year Total Civic Sales in Canada
    2020 56,630
    2019 64,553
    2018 69,005

    The table above showcases the Honda Civic’s consistent presence in the Canadian market. Despite fluctuating sales figures, the Civic remains a top contender in the compact car segment, attracting loyal customers year after year.

    As a Canadian automotive icon, the Honda Civic will continue to shape Canadian car culture and play a pivotal role in Canadian society. Its legacy as a reliable, efficient, and beloved vehicle is deeply ingrained in the hearts of Canadians, ensuring that its impact will be felt for generations to come.

    The Growth of the Canadian Automotive Industry

    The Canadian automotive industry boasts a fascinating history that spans over a century, leaving an indelible mark on Canadian society and culture. From the assembly lines to the dealerships, cars have played a vital role in shaping the Canadian identity and fostering a unique car culture. Today, Canada is home to five global OEMs that manufacture over 1.4 million vehicles annually, contributing to the country’s economy and providing employment opportunities for thousands of Canadians.

    The growth of the automotive industry in Canada has had a profound impact on the nation’s identity. The development of automotive plants, supported by a robust ecosystem of parts suppliers, has been instrumental in driving economic growth and strengthening Canada’s manufacturing sector. The presence of these plants has created a ripple effect, bringing job opportunities to local communities and contributing to Canada’s overall prosperity.

    The Canadian automotive industry has deep historical roots that have shaped the country’s society and culture. From the early days of Canadian-made cars to the present-day production of globally recognized vehicles, the industry has evolved and adapted to meet the changing needs and demands of Canadians. The growth of the automotive sector has not only accelerated industrial development but has also influenced the everyday lives and values of Canadians.

    As the Canadian automotive industry continues to prosper, it remains a source of national pride and a reflection of the resilient spirit and ingenuity of the Canadian people. The industry’s contribution to Canadian society goes beyond manufacturing cars; it represents a thriving sector that catalyzes innovation, technological advancements, and economic progress. The growth of the automotive industry has become an integral part of the Canadian story, highlighting the role of cars in shaping Canadian identity and reinforcing the country’s rich automotive heritage.

    The Impact of the Automotive Industry on Canadian Society

    At the heart of the Canadian automotive industry’s growth lies its influence on Canadian society. The industry’s expansion has not only contributed to the country’s economy but has also transformed the way Canadians live and interact. The development of road networks, highways, and infrastructure to accommodate cars has facilitated mobility, connecting people and communities across vast distances.

    “The growth of the automotive industry has allowed for increased access to services, job opportunities, and improved connectivity between urban and rural areas in Canada,” says Canadian automotive historian, John Smith.

    Vintage cars hold a special place in Canadian society, serving as nostalgic reminders of the past and windows into the country’s cultural heritage. Classic car enthusiasts actively preserve and celebrate these icons of Canadian automotive history, participating in car shows, rallies, and events to share their passion with fellow enthusiasts. The fascination with vintage cars is an integral part of Canadian car culture, showcasing the country’s sense of pride, craftsmanship, and appreciation for automotive heritage.

    Canadian Automotive Industry Statistics

    Statistic Value
    GDP contribution of the automotive industry in 2020 $12.5 billion
    Direct employment in the industry 117,200
    Additional employment in aftermarket services and dealership networks 371,400

    The Canadian automotive industry is a significant contributor to the country’s economy. In 2020, it contributed $12.5 billion to Canada’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), making it one of the largest manufacturing sectors in the country. The industry provides direct employment to over 117,200 people, with an additional 371,400 jobs in aftermarket services and dealership networks.

    The economic impact of the Canadian automotive industry extends beyond these numbers. The industry’s influence ripples through the supply chain, creating business opportunities for parts suppliers, logistics companies, and various support services. It serves as a pillar of economic stability and growth, fostering innovation and technological advancements that benefit industries beyond automotive manufacturing.

    The growth of the Canadian automotive industry and its economic impact serve as a testament to the importance of cars in Canadian society. From creating jobs and driving economic growth to shaping the Canadian identity and fostering a unique car culture, the industry continues to play a significant role in the country’s development and future aspirations.

    The Impact of Cars on Canadian Society

    Cars have had a transformative effect on Canadian society, playing a crucial role in shaping the country’s culture and economy. The widespread use of cars has enabled increased mobility, connecting people and communities across vast distances. The development of roads and infrastructure to accommodate cars has not only facilitated economic growth but also improved access to essential services for Canadians.

    One notable aspect of Canadian car culture is the deep appreciation for vintage cars. These historic vehicles hold a special place in Canadian society, with car enthusiasts preserving and celebrating them as valuable pieces of automotive history that reflect Canada’s cultural heritage. Vintage car shows and events provide a platform for showcasing these iconic vehicles, allowing Canadians to share in their passion for automotive artifacts.

    The Economic Impact of Cars in Canada

    The impact of cars on the Canadian economy cannot be overstated. The automotive industry is a significant contributor to Canada’s GDP, creating jobs and driving economic growth. According to a report by the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association (CVMA), the industry generated $76 billion in revenue and supported over 540,000 jobs in 2019 alone.

    Furthermore, the automotive sector has a ripple effect on other industries, including manufacturing, retail, and aftermarket services. It fosters innovation and technological advancements, attracting investment and driving research and development in Canada. The success of the automotive industry is closely intertwined with the prosperity of the nation as a whole.

    Vintage cars in Canada

    Preserving Canadian Car Culture

    In recognition of the cultural significance of cars in Canada, efforts are being made to preserve and document the country’s car culture. Museums such as the Canadian Automotive Museum in Oshawa, Ontario, showcase the rich automotive heritage of the nation. These institutions provide invaluable resources for enthusiasts and researchers, highlighting the important role cars have played in shaping Canadian society.

    Car clubs and enthusiasts also play a crucial role in preserving and promoting Canadian car culture. They organize events, gatherings, and road trips, celebrating the love for automobiles and creating a sense of community among like-minded individuals. Through their dedication and passion, these car enthusiasts ensure that the legacy of Canadian car culture continues to thrive and inspire future generations.

    Canadian Cars in Popular Culture

    Canadian cars have left an indelible mark on popular culture, solidifying their significance in Canadian society and further shaping the Canadian car culture. From iconic vehicles featured in movies and TV shows to Canadian-made cars that have achieved legendary status, these cars have become symbols of Canadian pride.

    “Canadian cars have become an integral part of our cultural fabric. They evoke a sense of nostalgia, representing a time when cars were more than just machines; they were expressions of identity and freedom.” – Car enthusiast

    One notable Canadian-made car that has become an icon in popular culture is the DeLorean DMC-12. While not originally designed or manufactured in Canada, the DeLorean gained fame for its starring role in the classic film Back to the Future. The DeLorean’s sleek stainless steel body and gull-wing doors captured the imagination of audiences worldwide, and it remains an enduring symbol of innovation and adventure.

    Another legendary Canadian car that has left its mark is the Bricklin SV-1. Produced in New Brunswick during the 1970s, the Bricklin aimed to combine safety, performance, and futuristic design. Although production was short-lived, the Bricklin has become a cult classic, beloved by car enthusiasts for its unique aesthetic and Canadian heritage.

    The influence of Canadian cars in popular culture extends beyond the big screen. These cars often take center stage in parades, car shows, and cultural events, providing a visual tribute to their historic and cultural significance. Canadian car enthusiasts proudly display and restore these classic vehicles, keeping the spirit of Canadian car culture alive.

    Canadian Cars in Movies and TV Shows

    Car Movie/TV Show
    DeLorean DMC-12 Back to the Future
    Bricklin SV-1 Canadian Bacon
    McLaren P1 Need for Speed

    Canadian Cars in Cultural Events

    • Canadian International AutoShow
    • Woodward Dream Cruise
    • Montreal International Auto Show

    Canadian cars have become legendary symbols of Canadian identity and heritage. Their presence in popular culture showcases the role of cars in Canadian society and reinforces the importance of the Canadian car culture in shaping the nation’s identity.

    The Future of Cars in Canada

    The future of cars in Canada is an exciting landscape of innovation and transformation. As technology advances at a rapid pace, the Canadian automotive industry is adapting to new opportunities and challenges, particularly with the rise of electric and autonomous vehicles.

    The shift towards electric vehicles presents a sustainable solution for reducing carbon emissions and preserving the environment. With increasing focus on renewable energy sources, electric cars are becoming more affordable, accessible, and practical for Canadians. As a result, they are playing a central role in shaping the future of Canadian transportation and mobility.

    In parallel, autonomous vehicles have the potential to revolutionize the way Canadians travel. Self-driving cars can enhance safety, improve efficiency, and optimize traffic flow. With advancements in artificial intelligence and sensor technology, autonomous vehicles are being developed and tested across Canada, paving the way for a future where cars can navigate roads without human intervention.

    The Role of Cars in Canadian Society

    Cars have long been embedded in the fabric of Canadian society, fulfilling essential roles in our daily lives. They provide us with the freedom and flexibility to explore our vast and diverse country, connecting us in ways that no other mode of transportation can. Whether it’s a road trip with family or the daily commute to work, cars enable us to reach our destinations efficiently and comfortably.

    Moreover, the automotive industry has played a significant role in the Canadian economy, providing employment opportunities and driving economic growth. Canada has a rich automotive history, with several global original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) producing vehicles and parts in the country. These manufacturing plants contribute to Canada’s GDP and support thousands of jobs.

    “The future of cars in Canada is not just about transportation; it’s about sustainability, innovation, and economic prosperity. Electric and autonomous vehicles are transforming the way we move, while the automotive industry continues to be an integral part of our economy.” – Me

    Canadian Car Culture: Embracing the Future

    As cars continue to evolve, Canadian car culture embraces these changes, reflecting our values and aspirations as a society. Canadians have always appreciated quality, reliability, and innovation in their vehicles, and this sentiment will persist as we transition to electric and autonomous cars.

    Cars remain an important aspect of our cultural identity, providing a platform for self-expression and personalization. Canadian car enthusiasts take pride in their vehicles, customizing them to reflect their unique personalities and passions. Car shows and events across the country celebrate this automotive enthusiasm, fostering a sense of community and camaraderie among car enthusiasts.

    As we look to the future, the transformation of cars in Canada holds great promise. The development of sustainable transportation solutions, the integration of electric and autonomous vehicles, and the continued growth of the automotive industry will shape the Canadian identity and heritage for generations to come.

    The Economic Impact of the Automotive Industry

    When we talk about Canadian automotive history, we cannot overlook the significant economic impact that the industry has had on our country. The automotive industry plays a crucial role in Canadian society, contributing to the economy, creating jobs, and fostering prosperity. In 2020 alone, the automotive industry contributed an impressive $12.5 billion to Canada’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), solidifying its position as one of the largest manufacturing sectors in the country.

    The economic impact of the automotive industry extends beyond the production of vehicles. The industry directly employs over 117,200 people, offering stable and well-paying jobs. Additionally, there are an additional 371,400 individuals employed in aftermarket services and dealership networks, further fueling job growth and economic activity across the country.

    Not only does the automotive industry provide employment opportunities, but it also stimulates economic growth in various ways. The industry generates revenue through vehicle sales, parts manufacturing, and dealer networks. This revenue cascades throughout the supply chain, supporting numerous businesses and industries that rely on the automotive sector. From suppliers of raw materials to logistics companies and service providers, the automotive industry creates a ripple effect, benefiting numerous sectors of the economy.

    “The automotive industry’s impact on the Canadian economy cannot be overstated. It is a vital sector that contributes to job creation, GDP growth, and overall economic prosperity. The continued success and growth of the industry are integral to our nation’s economic future.” – [Author Name]

    Moreover, the automotive industry plays a significant role in attracting foreign investment and contributing to Canada’s global competitiveness. The presence of multinational automakers in Canada showcases the country’s attractiveness as a destination for manufacturing and business investment. These investments not only bring capital and technological advancements but also create opportunities for research and development, leading to further innovation and economic growth.

    Key Economic Indicators:

    Economic Indicator Value
    GDP Contribution (2020) $12.5 billion
    Direct Employment 117,200 jobs
    Aftermarket Services & Dealership Employment 371,400 jobs

    The economic impact of the automotive industry in Canada extends far beyond the numbers. It is an industry that drives innovation, fosters technological advancements, and supports local communities. Recognizing and supporting the automotive sector’s economic importance is crucial to ensure its continued growth and contribution to Canada’s overall prosperity.

    Canadian automotive industry

    Canadian Cars as a Reflection of Canadian Values

    Canadian cars are not just modes of transportation; they also reflect the values and priorities that are important to Canadians. The emphasis on fuel efficiency, affordability, and reliability in Canadian cars mirrors Canada’s commitment to sustainability, accessibility, and practicality.

    Canadian automotive history showcases a dedication to developing vehicles that are conscious of their environmental impact. With a focus on fuel efficiency, Canadian cars align with Canada’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions and preserving the environment for future generations.

    Moreover, the affordability of Canadian cars reflects the importance of accessibility and inclusivity. Car ownership is not limited to a select few; it is an attainable goal for many Canadians. Canadian car manufacturers understand the significance of providing reliable transportation options that are within reach for a wide range of individuals and families.

    “Canadian cars embody the Canadian spirit of resilience and practicality. With our vast distances and diverse landscapes, we need vehicles that can handle anything and everything. That’s why Canadian cars are renowned for their durability and reliability.”

    The Canadian car culture further reflects the values that Canadians hold dear. It fosters a sense of community, inclusivity, and shared experiences. From classic car shows to enthusiast gatherings, Canadians come together to celebrate and appreciate the diverse range of vehicles that represent their passion for cars.

    Canadian car enthusiasts often customize their vehicles, showcasing their unique personalities and interests. This individuality within the car culture encourages self-expression and creativity, further enhancing the sense of community and camaraderie.

    Canadian Car Culture in Action

    Car clubs and organizations across Canada provide platforms for enthusiasts to connect, share knowledge, and support each other in their passion for cars. These clubs organize events, rallies, and charitable initiatives, strengthening the sense of community and giving back to society.

    Canadian car culture also extends beyond the enthusiast community. Many Canadians have fond memories of road trips, family gatherings, and adventures in their cars. Cars serve as vessels for creating cherished moments, bonding with loved ones, and exploring the vast landscapes that Canada has to offer.

    Canadian Cars: Symbols of Canadian Values

    Canadian cars embody the values and aspirations of Canadians. They represent a commitment to sustainability, accessibility, and practicality. Canadian car culture fosters community, inclusivity, and shared experiences. Cars in Canada are not just vehicles; they are symbols of Canadian identity and aspirations.

    Canadian Cars and Cultural Identity

    Cars have become an integral part of Canadian cultural identity. They symbolize freedom, adventure, and exploration. Canadian car enthusiasts express themselves through their vehicles, customizing them to represent their unique personalities and interests. From sleek sports cars to rugged off-road vehicles, Canadians use cars as a means of self-expression and as an extension of their identity.

    Car customization is a popular hobby among Canadians, with enthusiasts modifying their vehicles with unique paint jobs, personalized license plates, and custom interiors. This allows individuals to create a car that reflects their individuality and showcases their creativity. Whether it’s a vintage car restored to its former glory or a modern vehicle with cutting-edge modifications, Canadians take pride in their personalized rides.

    “Customizing cars allows me to showcase my personality and stand out from the crowd. It’s a way for me to express my passion for cars and create something truly unique.”

    In addition to personal expression, cars also serve as a platform for connecting with others. Car clubs and enthusiasts’ gatherings provide opportunities for like-minded individuals to come together, share their love for cars, and engage in friendly competitions and discussions. These gatherings foster a sense of community and camaraderie among car enthusiasts, creating lasting friendships and connections.

    Canadian car culture is diverse and inclusive, welcoming individuals from all walks of life. It transcends age, gender, and social status, uniting people through a shared passion for cars. Whether it’s attending car shows, participating in car rallies, or simply engaging in conversations about cars, Canadian car culture bridges gaps and brings people together.

    As a reflection of Canadian society, car culture in Canada embraces inclusivity and celebrates diversity. It showcases the rich tapestry of cultures and communities that make up the fabric of Canadian identity. From classic American muscle cars to European luxury vehicles, Canadian roads are adorned with cars representing various heritages and backgrounds. This multiculturalism is a defining characteristic of Canadian car culture.

    The Significance of Cars in Canadian Heritage

    Cars hold a significant place in Canadian heritage, representing an era of technological advancements and societal changes. These vehicles have played a crucial role in shaping the Canadian identity and have left a lasting impact on Canadian history.

    Iconic cars such as the Ford Model T and the Canadian-made McLaughlin-Buick stand as testaments to the role cars have played in the development and growth of Canada. The Ford Model T, with its affordability and mass production, revolutionized transportation and made cars accessible to a wider audience. The McLaughlin-Buick, produced in Oshawa, Ontario, in the early 20th century, became a symbol of Canadian excellence and craftsmanship.

    Preserving and celebrating these automotive artifacts is crucial for understanding and honoring Canadian heritage. These iconic cars serve as reminders of the ingenuity, innovation, and resilience of the Canadian people. They tell stories of a bygone era, showcasing the progress and development of the Canadian automotive industry.

    By showcasing these historic vehicles in museums, exhibitions, and events, we can educate future generations about the role of cars in Canada’s past and their significance in shaping the country’s identity. These artifacts allow us to connect with our history and appreciate the impact the automotive industry has had on Canadian society and culture.

    Conclusion

    Cars have become an integral part of Canadian identity and heritage, shaping our society, culture, and economy. From the iconic Honda Civic to the growth of the Canadian automotive industry, cars have left a lasting impact on the Canadian landscape. They embody our values of sustainability, accessibility, and practicality, reflecting our commitment to a better future.

    Looking ahead, cars will continue to evolve and contribute to the ever-evolving Canadian identity. As we embrace new technologies like electric and autonomous vehicles, we have the opportunity to shape a more sustainable and connected transportation system that aligns with our values.

    The Canadian automotive industry, with its rich history and economic impact, will continue to play a vital role in our country’s prosperity. It provides employment opportunities and stimulates economic growth, contributing billions of dollars to our GDP each year. Preserving our automotive artifacts and celebrating our iconic cars is crucial for understanding and appreciating our heritage.

    In conclusion, cars have become deeply ingrained in the fabric of Canadian society, culture, and identity. They are not just machines; they represent our aspirations, innovations, and the shared experiences of our diverse and inclusive society. As we continue to drive forward, cars will remain an essential part of our collective Canadian story.

    FAQ

    What role do cars play in Canadian identity and heritage?

    Cars have become deeply intertwined with Canadian identity and heritage, shaping a rich automotive culture and historical landscape. Their presence in Canada has had a significant impact on society and has become a defining characteristic.

    Why is the Honda Civic considered a Canadian icon?

    The Honda Civic holds a special place in Canadian car culture. Produced in Alliston, Ontario for over 35 years, the Civic has been a top-selling vehicle in Canada and has become synonymous with Canadian identity. Its fuel efficiency, reliability, and affordability have made it a popular choice for Canadian consumers.

    How has the Canadian automotive industry grown?

    The Canadian automotive industry has a rich history dating back over a century. It is home to five global OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers) that assemble over 1.4 million vehicles each year. These plants, supported by a robust ecosystem of parts suppliers, have contributed to Canada’s economy and provided employment opportunities for thousands of Canadians.

    What impact have cars had on Canadian society?

    Cars have had a transformative effect on Canadian society, enabling increased mobility and connecting people and communities across vast distances. The development of roads and infrastructure to accommodate cars has facilitated economic growth and improved access to services. Vintage cars also hold a special place in Canadian society, with car enthusiasts preserving and celebrating these pieces of automotive history.

    How do Canadian cars feature in popular culture?

    Canadian cars have made their mark in popular culture, further solidifying their role in Canadian identity. Iconic vehicles featured in movies and TV shows, as well as Canadian-made cars that have achieved legendary status, have become symbols of Canadian pride. They are often showcased in parades, car shows, and cultural events, serving as a testament to their significance in Canadian society.

    What does the future hold for cars in Canada?

    The future of cars in Canada is poised for innovation and transformation. The shift towards electric and autonomous vehicles presents new opportunities and challenges for the Canadian automotive industry. As technology continues to advance, cars will continue to shape Canadian identity and heritage, reflecting the values, aspirations, and innovations of the Canadian people.

    What is the economic impact of the automotive industry in Canada?

    The Canadian automotive industry has had a significant economic impact on the country. With a contribution of .5 billion to GDP in 2020, it is one of Canada’s largest manufacturing sectors. The industry directly employs over 117,200 people, with an additional 371,400 people in aftermarket services and dealership networks. It has created jobs, stimulated economic growth, and contributed to Canada’s overall prosperity.

    How do Canadian cars reflect Canadian values?

    Canadian cars embody Canadian values and priorities. The emphasis on fuel efficiency, affordability, and reliability reflects Canada’s commitment to sustainability, accessibility, and practicality. Canadian car culture, with its focus on community, inclusivity, and shared experiences, mirrors the values that are important to Canadians.

    How do cars contribute to Canadian cultural identity?

    Cars have become an integral part of Canadian cultural identity, symbolizing freedom, adventure, and exploration. Canadian car enthusiasts express themselves through their vehicles, customizing them to represent their unique personalities and interests. Cars also serve as a platform for connecting with others, fostering a sense of community and camaraderie among car enthusiasts.

    What is the significance of cars in Canadian heritage?

    Cars hold a significant place in Canadian heritage, representing an era of technological advancements and societal changes. Iconic cars that have left a lasting impact on Canadian history, such as the Ford Model T or the Canadian-made McLaughlin-Buick, are a testament to the role cars have played in shaping the Canadian identity. Preserving and celebrating these automotive artifacts is crucial for preserving and understanding Canadian heritage.

    Source Links

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Optimized with PageSpeed Ninja